“squire” and “shield”

“squire” comes from Latin “scūtārius” which means “shield-bearer”. The Latin word is derived from “scūtum” which means “shield”.

The word “shield” comes from Proto Germanic *skelduz, which comes from Proto Indo European word *(s)kelH- which means “to cut, split”. “scūtum” comes from the related form *skey- which also means “to cut, split”, so “squire” and “shield” are actually cognate.

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